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Santa Clause Versus Jesus Christ
How Christmas Violates The Commandments Of God
Rationalizations Versus Biblical Truth
Does being lied to as children, about Santa Claus, the Tooth Fairy etc, condition children to grow up believing that Jesus Christ is just another nice story, or myth? - especially when Jesus Christ is worshipped as a helpless little babe in the stable at christmas, and we sing cute carols about the "Little Lord Jesus". Does all this help to promote the belief that it is just a nice fairy tail for the gullible?
Millions of parents go to great lengths to prove the lie about Santa and Christmas to their children. They try to keep the lie going as long as they can, usually for the initial 6 to 8 years of the childs life. Inevitably the child is crushed with the truth, but the hypocrisy continues, the parents will usually ask this child to help them continue the lie to pamper the younger children in the household, and when the. children grow up and have families of their own the pattern is repeated. So, we lie, teach our children to lie, and they teach their children to lie. How then can we expect honesty? (See Proverbs 19:5; Isaiah 44:24-25)
We have all heard that by moving the "N" in "Santa" to the end, it spells "Satan", and "Claus" rearranged spells "Lucas", which is the root word for Lucifer, making Santa Claus = Satan Lucifer, and we have all probably laughted at it, but, look at the table below, which compares the myth of Santa Claus with the Biblical story of Jesus Christ, at first it will seem amusing, but then you will realise that someone has deliberately created a Secular counterfeit to Jesus Christ, which matches His many attributes. Just coincidence?
"And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold." (Matthew 24:12)
One of Jesus' End Times prophecies was that the hearts of the people would become extremely cold towards Him. Santa Claus has replaced Jesus Christ in the hearts and minds of many children and adults.
COMPARISON BETWEEN JESUS CHRIST AND SANTA CLAUS
|JESUS CHRIST: OUR LORD AND SAVIOR ACCORDING TO THE WORD OF GOD||SANTA CLAUS: THE COUNTERFEIT ACCORDING TO MYTH AND IMAGINATION OF MEN|
|1. Has white hair like wool (Revelation 1:14)||1. Has white hair like wool|
|2. Has a beard (Isaiah 50:6)||2. Has a beard|
|3. Comes in red
apparel (Isaiah 63:2)
Jesus will appear in red clothes. (Revelation 19:13)
|3. Comes in red apparel|
|4. Hour of His coming is a mystery (Luke 12:40; Mark 13:33)||4. Hour of his coming is a mystery|
|5. Comes from the North where He lives (Ezekiel 1:4; Psalm 48:2), and where Satan wants to reside (read Isaiah 14:13)||5. Comes from the North where he lives: North Pole|
|6. Is a carpenter (Mark 6:3)||6. Is a toy carpenter|
|7. Comes as a thief in the night (Matthew 24:43-44)||7. Comes as a thief in the night. Even gains entrance to homes as a thief.|
|8. Omnipotent (all powerful) (Matthew 28:18; Revelation 19:6)||8. Omnipotent - can carry and deliver all the toys of the world in one night|
|9. Omniscient (knows
all) (Psalm 139:1-4; Hebrews 4:13;
1 John 3:20)
The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good. (Proverbs 15:3)
|9. Omniscient - knows if you have been good or bad, for the entire year|
|10. Omnipresent (Everywhere at one time) (Psalm 139:7-10; Ephesians 4:6; Matthew 18:20; John 3:13)||10. Omnipresent - sees when you wake or sleep. Has to be everywhere at once to be able to deliver all the toys in one short night. Is at all the superstores.|
|11. Jesus can come in though the doors are shut. (John 20:19; John 20:26)||11. Santa can come in though the doors are shut.|
|12. Ageless, eternal (Revelation 1:8; 21:6)||12. Lives forever|
|13. Lives in men (1 Corinthians 3:16; 2 Corinthians 6:16-17)||13. Lives in the hearts of children, and the hearts of men. (Jeremiah 17:9)|
|14. Giver of Gifts (Ephesians 4:8)||14. Giver of Gifts|
|15. Jesus ascends on high and gives gifts, especially the Gift of Eternal life. (Ephesians 4:7-8; Romans 6:23)||15. Santa goes into the air and gives gifts.|
|16. Jesus gives his gifts according to whether you are good or bad. (Revelation 2:23)||16. Santa gives his gifts according to whether you are good or bad.|
|17. Absolute Truth (John 14:6)||17. Absolute Fable - a lie (1 Timothy 1:4; 4:7; 2 Timothy 4:4)|
|18. Sits on a throne (Revelation 5:1; Hebrews1:8)||18. Sits on a throne|
|19. We are told to boldly go to the throne of Grace for our needs (Hebrews 4:16)||19. Children are bidden to approach his throne to ask for anything they want|
|20. Commands children to obey parents (Ephesians 6:1)||20. Tells children to obey parents|
|21. Wants little children to come to Him Suffer the little children to come unto me (Mark.10:14)||21. Bids children to come unto him|
|22. Judges (Romans14:10; Revelation 20:2)||22. Judges whether or not you were good or bad|
|23. Everlasting Father (Isaiah 9:6; Hebrews 12:2)||23. Father Christmas (Christs mass = Christs sacrifice)|
|24. Christ Child (Matthew 1:23; Luke 2:11-12)||24. Kris Kringle (means
Santa Claus is also known as "Kriss Kringle", (In Scandinavian countries etc), which is a corruption of the German "Christ Kindl", meaning Christ Child.
|25. Worthy of Prayers and Worship (Revelation 5:14 Hebrews 1:6)||25. Prayers and worship to "St. Nick" by children (Nick means devil)|
|26. Lord of Hosts (Malachi 3:5; Isaiah 8:13; Psalms 24:10)||26. Lord over a host of elves - (In Druidic religion, elves are demons or tree spirits)|
|27. God says, "Ho, ho ... (Zechariah 2:6)||27. Santa says, "Ho, ho, ho ..."|
|28. Prince of Peace, the Image of God (Isa 9:6; Hebrews 1:3)||28. Symbol of World Peace, the image of the Christmas Season|
In Job 1:6-7, we are told that Satan walks up and down on the Earth, as if it were a small garden plot completely under his domination. You can see by the table above that Satan, the Master Marionette, has been pulling the strings, manipulating, and scheming, leading children and adults love, attention, and admiration away from Jesus Christ and toward Santa Claus, who is the epitome' of the love of the world.
"This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. For men shall be lovers of their own selves, coveteous, boasters, proud, blashemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, ......lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;" (2 Timothy 3:1, 2, 4).
From an early age children are taught to love material possessions more than God, and with the love of trying to get as many presents as possible comes selfishness and love of oneself. They are taught to go to the wrong source for their wants and needs, and are encouraged to behave rightly throughout the year for the wrong reasons. All as a result of loving and believing this pagan myth of Santa Claus.
Saint Nicholas, a fourth century Catholic Bishop of Myra in Asia Minor, who gave treats to children; was canonized by the Roman Catholic Church, as patron saint to sailors, pawnbrokers and children. Santa Claus or "Father Christmas" is a corruption of the Dutch "Sant Nikolaas." The red suit comes from the fact that Catholic bishops and cardinals in Italy wear red. Also, according to tradition, a poor widower of Myra, had three daughters, for whom he could not provide a dowry. On Xmas-Eve, "Saint Nicholas" threw three bags of gold down the chimney, thereby saving the daughters from having to enter into prostitution. One bag rolled into a shoe, and the others fell into some stockings that had been hung to dry by the fire. Hence, the beginning of the tradition of the "Christmas stocking" or "boot."
But the Santa Claus concept originally came from ancient Egypt. The pagan Egyptian god, Bes, was a rounded, gnome-like personage who was the patron of little children. Bes was said to live at the North Pole, working all year-round to produce toys for children who had been good and obedient to their parents. In Dutch, he was called "Sinter Klaas." The custom was brought to America by Dutch settlers. In European countries, Santa Claus was originally a grim personage who traversed the countryside, determined to find out who had been "naughty or nice." Those who had been naughty were quickly switched.
Santa Claus is usually associated with snow, raindeer, and the North Pole, which suggests Scandinavian or Norse traditions of the Yuletide season. In Babylonia, the stag (raindeer) was a symbol of Nimrod, the mighty one. Antlers worn on the head of a noble leader symbolised his prowess as a hunter, and thereby, influence people to follow him.
Santa is often looked upon as a jolly old man giving gifts to children and keeping the magic of Christmas alive, but, the Chistmas spirit, is the spirit of lies, the spirit of deception, the season when the lonely are made to feel unwanted, when people get more depressed and suicidal, and when the hypocrites are generous for a season, celebrating their perpetual lie.
Every year, SATAN has his place of being glorified as the Son of God (Kris Kringle), from the North (Ezekiel 1:4; Psalm 48:2, read Isaiah14:13). As Santa Claus, he sits on his throne (Isaiah 14) in all the department stores, where children queue up to ask him for the things they want. By focusing their attention on this fat man in a red suit with god-like qualities, children are taught to believe that, just like Santa, God can be pleased with "good works," done in order to earn His favor. They are also taught that, no matter how bad they have been, they will still be rewarded by God, just as Santa never failed to reward them with gifts.
"..they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables." (2 Timothy 4: 4).
Doesn't this prophecy perfectly describe our society today?
Dont teach your children of the myth of Santa Claus. Exchanging gifts is harmless, but you should teach your children that it is better to give than to receive, and that Jesus Christ gave the greatest gift of all, the Gift of Eternal Life!
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|THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD||THE VIOLATION|
|Thou shalt have no
other gods before me. (Exodus 20:3)
...Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind (Matthew 22:37)
|The "god of
Christmas" is idolatrous! In all man-made religions
the gods serve the needs of man, instead of man doing
Gods will. The most popular false prophets are those that
promise health and wealth. Santa Clause (the supernatural,
sorcerous false "god" of Christmas) with his
promise of gifts has replaced Jesus in hearts of the
young and adults look to the Christmas season for
happiness, joy, and fulfillment, rather than through a
pure, personal, and Biblical relationship with Jesus
Is changing or cancelling regularly scheduled
church services to accommodate Christmas putting Jesus
first or the world first? (Matthew
|Thou shalt not take
the name of the LORD thy God in vain.... (Exodus 20:7)
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour (Exodus 20:16)
But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death. (Revelation 21:8)
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.... (Exodus 20:4)
|Nearly every form of pagan worship
descended from the Babylonian mysteries, which focus
attention on the "mother-goddess" and the birth
of her child. This was adapted to "Mary-Jesus"
worship, which then easily accommodated the multitude of
pagans "converted" to Christianity inside
Constantine's Roman Catholic Church. By taking a pagan
celebration, "Christianizing" it, and calling
it a celebration of the birth of Christ, is most
certainly taking the Lord's name in vain.
The Christian who cries out "Jesus is the reason for the season!" or "put Christ back in Christmas," when in fact the roots of Christmas are in pagan worship systems, is bearing false witness. Professing Christians also lie to their children about the god-like character of Santa Claus, his works salvation ("good works" earn his favor), and unconditional rewards (no matter how bad they have been, they will still be rewarded). (See Proverbs 19:5; Isaiah 44:24-25)
If anyone were to erect statues/images of Mary and Joseph by themselves, many Protestants would cry "Idolatry!". But place an image of a little baby with the images of Mary and Joseph, and somehow it is no longer considered idolatry, its called a "nativity scene". (cf. Exodus 20:4-5a; 32:1-5; 9-10a) Nativity scenes, "pictures" of Christ, Christmas cards with "pictures" of Jesus, etc., all violate the command to not make images. God has given us His Word, not images, to teach us about Christ (1 Peter 1:23; Deuteronomy 4:12, 15-19)
|Thou shalt not kill (Exodus 20:13)
Thou shalt not covet... (Exodus 20:3)
|Children learn to covet the gifts of others, to drool over the Christmas catalog, and with the love of trying to get as many presents as possible comes greed and selfishness. To envy and hate someone for having more, or receiving more is encouraged at Christmas time, and according to Matthew 5:21-22, that is equal to murder, all in the name of "the Christmas spirit". (see also 1 John 3:15)|
|Thou shalt not commit
adultery (Exodus 20:14)
But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. (Matthew 5:28)
|The Christmas season promotes drunkeness, immorality, and lustfulness at partys and celebrations. According to Matthew 5:27-29 even looking and having lustful thoughts about someone is the same as committing adultery.|
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|THE RATIONALIZATION||THE VIOLATION|
|"Christmas provides a festive time to share the Gospel"||One cannot take
something condemned in God's Word and "use it"
to spread the Gospel; God will not bless it to spread His
Word. A corrupt tree can not bring forth good fruit (Matthew 7:18) Deuteronomy 12:30-32, tells us to
we better take heed that we be not snared by following
after the heathen and that we should not inquire after
their gods and how they serve them. Nor should we do
likewise unto our God by giving unto Him, what they give
unto their gods
Unacceptable worship and the "mixing-in" of unholy/pagan forms is not the normal means through which God blesses the faithful (Jeremiah 10:2-5). The sons of Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, were slain in the temple for offering up "strange fire" before the Lord God (Leviticus10:1,2; Numbers 3:4 & 26:61). Strange fire is offering something to God that He has not asked for, does not receive, does not observe, it is worshiping God your way (how you think He should be worshipped), instead of Gods way. Is not the celebration of Christmas, with all its pagan symbols and forms, a "strange fire" unto the Lord, and is not this form of worship contrary to what God commands? (see also 1 Samuel 15:1-3, 7-9, 21-23)
Satan works to blend together his system with God's system, because when unacceptable worship is blended with true worship, true worship is destroyed. Any time one mixes pagan ideas and practices with the pure religion of Christ, it is condemned in Scripture as the sin of idolatry. God has always detested taking those things dedicated to idols and using them to worship Him. (2 Chronicles 33:15-17; Deuteronomy 12:29-32; 1 Kings 12:26-33)
Christmas is a hindrance not a help to share the gospel message. Much of the celebration observed by our contemporary society deludes people into assuming that God is pleased, when in reality, He is offended by false religion, pseudo-worship, and alien philosophies. The ecumenical spirit and a counterfeit "love" under the guise of "peace and goodwill among men," more than likely dulls one's sensitivity to his desperate need to repent of sin and be reconciled to a holy God.
|"Christmas is merely the honoring of Christ's birth, I know Christmas is of pagan origin, but I still think it's not wrong for a church to have a special time for honoring Christ's birth."||Are we to follow the Bible in our faith and practice, or the thinking of fallible men? Christians do not have the right to add to the Bible (Deuteronomy 4:2; Deuteronomy 12:30-32; Proverbs 30:5-6; Revelation 1:3; 22:18). If we have the right to add a special holy day to the Christian economy, then we can add lots of other things. Then we will be no better than the false cults and the Roman Catholics who follow heathen traditions (Jeremiah 10:2-5).|
|"All I'm doing is putting Christ back into Christmas"||The cry to put Christ
back into Christmas is absurd. Jesus Christ was never in
Christmas. It's a lie to say He was. When anyone takes
the truth and mixes a lie with it, they no longer have
the truth, they have changed the truth into a lie.
Likewise, you cannot take a lie and change it into the
truth. No matter how much truth is mixed with the lie,
you still come out with a lie. You cannot take something
that in reality should be called Baal-mass, Nimrod-mass,
Tammuz-mass, Mithras-mass, or Mary-mass, call it
Christmas and expect to glorify God in it. Christ-mass is
a lie, why use a lie to present a cardinal truth (the
incarnation) of the Christian faith?
Celebrating Christ's birth is a form of worship, and since Christmas is a lie, those who celebrate it are not worshiping in "spirit and in truth" (John 4:24)
|"I'm using Christmas to witness for Christ, just like the Apostle Paul did (Acts 17/Mars Hill). I'm taking the opportunity of the season to witness to a lost world."||Paul, in addressing
the Greek philosophers on Mars Hill, proclaimed to them
that their "unknown god" to whom they had
erected an altar, was none other than "God that made
the world and all things therein," (Acts 17:22-24). Paul was not
intimidated by the pagan surroundings and symbolisms, nor
did he berate the Greeks for their error, but merely
showed them the truth of the gospel of Christ. But do
Christians really use the "opportunity presented by
the season" in the same way as Paul used the
opportunity of the pagan altar?
Do Christians stand in front of public displays of Xmas Nativity scenes, etc. and preach the gospel? Do they say, to paraphrase Paul, "Ye men of [put your home town here], I perceive that in all things ye are too superstitious. For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar [Xmas Nativity scenes, xmas trees, etc] ...TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you"? Do they preach to the people that have just attended their children's Xmas programs at public schools about the true God who has just been grossly misrepresented in the program? Hardly.
Even most of those Christians who understand the true origin of Xmas, invite unbelievers into their homes to gather around the Xmas tree, enjoy the wreaths, and the Yule log, etc (see 2 Corinthians 6:14-7:1). They reason that they are only using the pagan forms and the pagan festival season as an opportunity to witness. But if this is what Paul meant in Acts 17, he would have met the people in the Athenian temple or in his or their homes, gathering around their idols which he had Christianized and was now using as a part of his worship.
|"There are hundreds of other items of daily life that have a pagan origin, such as the wedding ring, certain clothing customs, the modern division of time into hours and minutes, the names of the days of the week, etc., so isn't it a contradiction on your part to say that their meanings have sufficiently changed while Christmas's meanings have not?"||That's not what we're
saying at all. The origin and meaning of a custom,
tradition, or form does not take on significance unless
it is somehow specifically incorporated into, or lined up
with, our worship.
Rings, clothing customs, etc. would be merely the byproducts of paganism, not paganism itself, and they have developed no religious connotations or associations of their own, whereas the Xmas customs and traditions have. Xmas has been 'Christianized' and used to celebrate the birth of Christ, it has been brought into our weekly worship of, or our daily devotion to, Christ.
|"Baptism and Circumcision have pagan origins and God still gave their use in Scripture, so what's wrong with using the pagan forms of Christmas?"||Some pastors say, that
to be consistent, those who would have us forbid the
forms, symbols, and traditions of Christmas should also
be calling for us to abandon believer's baptism, because
the ancient mystery religions practiced forms of baptism,
therefore baptism is also a pagan custom.
If baptism were absent from the Bible, as using pagan forms and traditions to celebrate or commemorate Christ's birthday are totally absent, there would then be no Biblical justification for baptism. But God has commanded us to baptize (Matthew 28:19), whereas He has not commanded us to celebrate or commemorate Christ's birth in any way.
|"Is a Christian's decision to celebrate Christmas a part of Christian liberty?"||Christian liberty can
best be defined Biblically as "the freedom to engage
in practices not prohibited by the Scriptures or denying
oneself what is permitted (i.e., a moral choice of self-discipline)
in order to be a more effective witness for God."
Some claim that Paul is teaching that the participation in pagan forms condemns no one, and therefore, participation in Christmas and its forms, even though arising out of pagan idolatry, is inconsequential (1 Corinthians 8:4-13, 10:14, 18-21; Romans 14:1-13). However, Paul nowhere approves participation in acts of idolatry. Instead, Paul is speaking of the liberty to continue in Jewish days of worship/festival that had been previously ordained under the Jewish law. There is certainly no liberty to bring outside pagan forms into the church's worship services. Likewise, there is no liberty to Christianize Babylonian/Roman pagan holy days as special days.
Christians in the first century churches had the liberty to observe Old Testament holy days and feasts (days that had previously been revealed by God) if they were so immature as to do so (Romans 14:1-13). The weaker brother, Paul wrote, was at that time not to be censured for continuing to attach some importance to the Old Testament holy days, as a clear knowledge of their abolition in Christ was not yet given to him (the weaker brother). But to observe a pagan holy day is something this passage does not sanction. They certainly did not have the liberty to regard Babylonian/Roman pagan holy days (days that were invented by the devil) as special days. Again, that would have been idolatry, worldliness, and perhaps even a form of Satan worship on their part. Therefore, how can the observance of Christmas Day, or any other Babylonian/Roman Catholic holy day, be a matter of Christian liberty?
1 Corinthians 8:4-13 The Gentile Christians, who had been raised in an idolatrous system, were having a problem with the their Jewish brothers who were eating meat that had been sacrificed to idols. (Apparently, this was the only "healthy" meat available.) Paul says that eating meat that had been sacrificed to idols is not a moral issue, and thereby, is not prohibited. However, Paul does not say that it is okay to go into the pagan temple itself; in fact, in other passages (1 Corinthians10:14, 18-21), Paul specifically prohibits getting involved with the pagan feasts. In other words, it's not a moral issue to partake in the byproducts of a pagan religious system (note, however, that there is no indication here that the Jewish Christians were using the "idol meat" as part of their worship), but it is not okay to partake in the religious system itself . Rather, we must be separate from the worldly system (2 Corinthians 6:14-7:1). Therefore, when items (byproducts) associated with a pagan religious system not only develop religious associations of their own, but have been integrated into what would otherwise be true Christian worship (as the celebration of Christmas has clearly become in our culture), then we should pull away from them so that there is no confusion over our allegiances.
James 4:11 - James is saying that Christians may only judge a brother on matters determined in God's Word (i.e., moral issues). If a matter is not covered in the Word, then these are matters of Christian liberty ( la Rom. 14:1-13 and 1 Cor 8:4-13), and he who judges in these areas of Christian liberty is, in effect, judging and condemning the Word of God as being an imperfect standard to which the judge, thereby, refuses to submit. On the other hand, since we have clear Scriptural precept that condemns the things that go on around December 25th in the name of Christ, the celebration of Christmas does not appear to be a matter of liberty, but one of moral conduct.
Romans 14:1-13 is speaking of Jews who were observing the Old Testament Jewish holy days/festivals and dietary laws even though they were now believers in Christ; but they were also judging their Gentile brothers in Christ who did not observe the Jewish customs. Likewise, the Gentile Christians were judging their Jewish brothers who were seemingly caught-up in ceremonial law. Paul was telling the Gentile Christians to leave the Jewish Christians alone, because they are not violating any Scriptural commands by their actions (i.e., it's a "disputable" matter [doubtful or gray area] and not a moral issue). Paul also told the Jewish Christians that it's was alright to observe the Jewish festivals and dietary laws because they were given by God in the Old Testament, and thereby, are considered to be previously approved worship forms, but don't judge your Gentile brothers because there is no Biblical command for either of you to continue to observe these things.
Later though, we find out it wasn't alright [see Galatians 4:9-10; Colossians 2:16-17 below], but Paul allowed it as an act of an immature/weaker brother [Romans 14:1-13.].) If a moral issue is involved (i.e., a practice that is covered in Scripture), then this passage and its application to Christian liberty (i.e., the freedom to engage in practices not prohibited by Scripture) would obviously not apply. The celebration of Christmas though is a moral issue, because its celebration is not only not from God, but is from ancient paganism itself!
Galatians 4:9-10; Colossians 2:16-17 - Both these passages of Scripture refer to the Jewish holy days under Old Testament law. If Christians were not even to observe the Old Testament holy days, days which did have divine sanction, for a time, they certainly don't have the liberty to observe pagan holy days!
The devious Holy Roman empire has deceived mankind with her witchcrafts. Dont sacrifice your childrens innocence to the Satanic lies perpetrated by them. The Observance of Christmas and other Roman inventions are pagan through and through, from beginning to end. The Lord tells us to "Learn not the way of the heathen; and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them. For the customs of the people are vain: for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the axe. They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not. They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not....." (Jeremiah 10:2-5) Gods Holy Word is clear, it gives us specific instructions, so what rational options does a Bible believing Christian have? Surely a Bible believing Christian should fear the Lord (v7) and Learn not the way of the heathen (v2).
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,23; Matt. 3:16; Acts 8:38. And cities Casaubon, Bacanus, Bullinger, and Zanchy, as agreeing and testifying to this sense of it; and baptisma, he says, is "dipping into water, or washing with water." And these are the lexicographers and critics our author refers us to: to which I may add the lexicon, compiled by Budaeus, Constantine, and others, who render the word baptizo, by immergo, mergo, intingo, lavacro tingo, abluo, madefacio, lavo, mundo; plunge, plungs into, dip into, dip in a laver, wash off, make wet, wash, cleanse: and baptismos, they say, is tingendi, hoc est mergendi, Actio, in quo significatu Tinctura dicitur. "The action of tinging, that is, of plunging; in which signification it is called a tincture," or dying; and another by Hadrian Junius, who renders bap