Cremation - is it Christian?

                   FORWARD
     God did not choose to have all His revelations recorded in
Scripture, but therein and in universal anthropological evidences the
student of Biblical theology finds abundant evidence to reconstruct
practices which could not conceivably have arisen independently in all
parts of the world; they must have had some common authoritative
source. God must have revealed to Adam and Eve the acceptable and
appropriate method of returning "dust to dust." The modern
archaeologist in almost every land takes careful note of the position of
burial, the dress, the artifacts put in the grave with the body and any
indications of anticipated life after death.
     From earliest indications, burial has been the public testimony of
assurance of physical resurrection. Can you imagine that God would
appoint cremation in anticipation of raising His only begotten Son
from the dead!  He was known as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob--the God of the living. Even more than among many Christians
today. Hebrew believers kept separate references to the body and
references to the person who had once inhabited the body, for to be
absent from the body is to be present with the Lord.
     This was the public declaration of Job from the midst of great
testing.  Worms-not fire-would destroy his body, yet in that same body
(resurrected) he would behold his Redeemer (Job 19:25-27). This is
the testimony of every believer who pictures publicly his union with
the Lord in death, burial, and resurrection through believer's baptism
(Romans 6:4).  Can you imagine that God would have permitted
cremation when public burial in water was so closely knit in the
message of the new Church, "Believe and be baptized!"
    The word for sanctification means, basically, set apart unto God.
The author of these studies argues for burial in consecrated ground,
that set aside in dedication unto God and respected thereafter. This
dedication likewise expresses our hope that in Christ shall all be made
alive. Let any Christian look carefully at the teachings of Scripture, as
set forth here by the Rev. James W. Fraser, before examining the
commercial arguments of modern paganism.
     Warren Vanhetloo
     Central Conservative Baptist Theological Seminary
     Minneapolis, Minnesota
              THE SUPREME CURSE
          In the law of God it was decreed
          That Israel's land be purged and freed
          Of images, idols, statues, and groves
          By burning to ash, tho' hidden in coves.
          They were cremated in public view
          At God's command, both old and new.
          When Achan saw that wedge of gold
          And costly garment he could neatly fold,
          With shekels of silver, all shining and new,
          He decided at once to carry through
          A secret plan that none would know,
          Thus help to make his fortunes grow.
          He confessed his sin, but 'twas too late;
          He could not re-enter mercy's gate.
          He was stoned with stones until he died
          For appearing as if he had never lied.
          They laid him upon a new-built pyre
          And reduced him to ashes in the angry fire.
          For heathen gods and certain crimes
          Was death and cremation--there were no fines.
          This was God's curse and immediate sentence,
          Regardless of confession of deep repentance:
          Swept from the earth by a purging fire,
          And reduced to ashes upon a pyre.
          Moses then burnt their golden calf
          And reduced their god to bitter chaff;
          David and his men burnt Philistine gods
          And spread their ash upon the clods.
          Jehu, too, burnt their gods of Baal,
          Not even putting them up for sale.
          Shall we, in this enlightened age,
          Refuse to obey the sacred page;
          Treating our dead as if divinely cursed,
          In crematory fires wholly immersed?
          Dear fellow Christian, be warned in time,
          Don't burn your friends in fire or lime!
                                 J. W. Fraser
           IS CREMATION CHRISTIAN?
     Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which
is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? For ye are
bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your
spirit, which are God's (1 Corinthians 6:19-20).
     One of the great Bible doctrines which has almost been forgotten in
the last few years is the sanctity of the Christian's body. This text
plainly states that our bodies are not our own to do with as we please.
They belong to God because of creation and redemption. They are
holy because they are cleansed and sanctified by the blood of Christ.
They are also temples of the Holy Spirit and members of the body of
Christ. These and many other Bible statements clearly set forth the
truth of the divine ownership and sanctity of the Christian's body.
     In dealing with this question of cremation we must not ignore the
positive statements of Scripture if we would sincerely seek the
Christian position on this issue. We know that in many localities a
question of this kind is of little importance. In places far from large
cities the question of cremation is seldom, if ever, raised; but in thickly
populated areas this is not the case. When a relative passes on, the
question comes up: shall it be cremation or burial?  Questions have
been asked by intelligent people: Is it wrong for a Christian's body to
be cremated? Is it true that the body comes to life in the process of
cremation? Recently, I was asked, "Why is cremation unpopular in
Christian lands?"
     I frankly admit I have not the last word on these questions, but
confess I have given serious and prolonged thought to the question of
Christian burial. What I may say is not the result of an overnight
meditation or snap judgment. This sermon has been called forth as a
result of questions put to me by sincere people and also because of
doubts and questions in my own mind over a period of years. I am
giving what I have gleaned in the hope that others will find the
answers to their questions on this subject.
     By the grace of God I have served as a minister of the gospel since
1921. I had never been requested to officiate at the funeral service of
a body to be cremated until I came to Montreal. To date, I have taken
but one cremation service; what was very disturbing to me in that
instance was the fact that the individual had been a baptist. I had not
been notified that it was to be a cremation until I arrived at the chapel
at the hour of service. That service was for me a conscience-stirring
experience. This event caused me deep concern as to my personal
responsibility as a minister of the gospel and as a leader among
Christian people of this generation. For I sincerely believe that the
minister's responsibility to God and to his fellows is much greater than
that of the average Christian. We know all Christians are stewards of
God and will be called to account for their stewardship in a coming
day, but preachers are especially honoured and privileged servants;
therefore, their responsibility is greater.
     This new experience caused me to study again the whole question
of Christian burial. I searched the Scriptures on this subject with
greater avidity than I had done heretofore. In my quest I made the
discovery that very few, if any, articles have been written or sermons
preached by the clergy, either for cremation or against it. So as I
proceed to state my findings, I trust you will follow me with an open
mind.
     According to Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, the word
"cremation" is from the Latin cremo, which means "to burn--burning,
particularly the burning of the dead according to the customs of many
ancient nations."
     The Encyclopedia Britannica states that "cremation is the burning
of human corpus which was the general practice of the ancient world,
with the important exceptions of Egypt, where bodies were embalmed;
Judea (or Ancient Israel) where they were buried in sepulchres, and
China, where they were buried in the earth. Cremation is still
practised over a great part of Asia and America, but not always in the
same form. Thus the ashes may be stored in urns, or buried in the
earth, or thrown to the wind, or, as among the Digger Indians, smeared
with gum on the heads of the mourners."
     Our modern crematories are specially constructed buildings erected
for the purpose of the incineration of human bodies, having individual
compartments which are heated to a temperature that quickly reduces
the body to ashes. The usual committal service is held in the
crematory chapel, after which the friends leave. The casket is then
placed in one of the compartments, the shape of an oversized coffin, at
which point the cremation process commences. When the heat
becomes intense, the body appears to be very much alive as it jumps
about, which is the result of the contraction and expansion of the
muscles.
     To me it is a rather gruesome and unkind thing to do to the body of
a loved one. Can you imagine yourself being responsible for the
cremation of the body of your mother, your husband, your wife, or
your child? To a person of refined Christian culture, it must be most
repulsive to think of the body of a friend being treated like a beef roast
in an oven, with all its running fats and sizzling tissues. The body is
reduced to ashes in a white heat of 2,000 F. in a few hours. In the
more recently built crematories, it is claimed that this is done in less
than one hour. When cooled, the ashes are put into an urn. The
remains of a body weighing about 140 pounds would be no more than
three to four pounds of ash.
     Were it not for the Christian's responsibility to God, there is
something that can be said in favour of cremation. It may be less
expensive than burial, because a cemetery lot is unnecessary, although
some do bury the ashes. The laws of Canada and some other lands do
not compel you to bury the ashes: you may throw them to the winds,
or cast them into the sea; you are at liberty to dispose of them in
almost any way you please; you may bury them in your lawn or back
yard, or divide them equally among the family, or keep them in your
pantry.
     If people only knew their Bible, I am sure they would be more
careful with the remains of their loved ones. According to divine
standards, it was a supreme dishonour and curse for a person to have
no burial. Such a curse was pronounced by God on King Jehoiakim
of jerusalem because of his pride and disobedience to God. The
prophet Jeremiah said of him, "He shall be buried with the burial of an
ass" (Jeremiah 22:19); which meant, he shall have no burial at all.
Josephus, the Jewish historian, states that Jehoakim's body was cast
out by the king of Babylon, and lay exposed and unburied some
distance from the gate of Jerusalem. There are a number in the Bible
who wee thus cursed for their disobedience to God: Achan (Joshua
7:15); Jezebel (2 Kings 9:30-37); Ahab's offspring (1 Kings
21:17-24): Sisera and Jabin (Psalm 83:9-10); and others. If we
dishonour friends by cremation we shall be called to account for it
(Romans 14:12; 222 Corinthians 5:10).
     Another "advantage" of cremation is that if you wish to bury the
remains in another land, the freight charges are small, or you can carry
them with your luggage; and then, too, a second undertaker is not
necessary.
     When we mention the transportation of the dead form one place to
another, I think of the case of the patriarch, Joseph. He died in Egypt
but did not wish his remains to stay there; so, previous to his decease,
he took an oath of his people, saying, "God will surely visit you, and
ye shall carry up my bones from hence." He died at the age of 110
years; they embalmed him and put him in a coffin (Genesis 50:24-26).
     About 300 years later his people left Egypt to go to the promised
land.  In Exodus 13:19 we read, "And Moses took up the bones of
Joseph with him." His people carried his remains in the coffin all
through that long, long journey. And then in Joshua 24:32, which was
about forty years later, we read, "And the bones of Joseph, which the
children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in
a parcel of ground which Jacob bought...and it became the inheritance
of the children of Joseph (Israel)."
     If Moses had cremated the body of Joseph before commencing that
long journey, the question of transportation would have been much
simpler. Instead of carrying that costly, bulky, Egyptian coffin with
its contents, one of the grandsons could have carried the urn with his
household baggage. But no! This heathen custom of cremation must
not be practised among God's people. For them, there was only one
way to dispose of their dead and that was by the sacred custom of
burial.
     A large and important place is given in the Bible to the burial of the
faithful. The whole of Genesis 23 is devoted to recording the death
and burial of Sarah, Abraham's wife. The sacred writer devoted
almost one half of Genesis 50 to the record of Jacob's death and burial. 
There are some today who assert that it doesn't matter how our bodies
are disposed of. Such an attitude betrays a poor knowledge of the
letter and the spirit of the Word of God. Why did God bury Moses? 
He could have disposed of his body in many other ways
(Deuteronomy 34:5-8). Burial is the only God-given way of
honourably disposing of the dead.
     Bear in mind, beloved, that this sermon is preached only for the
benefit of those who sincerely fear and worship God and who accept
the Bible as final and adequate in all matters of doctrine and conduct.
     Now let me quote another Bible incident which gives us to
understand what God thinks about the burning of human bodies. In
Amos 2:1 we have the record of Moab's unpardonable sin. Remember
that Moab was considered a heathen nation. This account serves to
prove that God takes notice of the doings of the most ungodly. Let me
quote the verse: "Thus saith the LORD: For three transgressions of
Moab, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof;
because he burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime." If there
is any verse in the Bible that positively emphasizes God's disapproval
of the burning of human bodies, it is this. God plagued and punished
Moab for this immoral and unpardoned sin.
     I wish to briefly state at least four reasons why, as a Christian, I
cannot lend my support to the practice of cremation.
First of All,  Because It Is of Heathen Origin
     It is not difficult to understand why people who are not well
acquainted with the Holy Scriptures lend their support to this pagan
practice. I was not surprised when I read in the Montreal Star in 1953
that Joseph Stalin requested that his body be cremated. He was not a
Christian but a communist, and naturally would not have a conscience
about it. However, contrary to his request, his body was actually
embalmed and, years later, buried (on November 1, 1961).
     Then, too, let us mention another communist, the late Andrei Y.
Vishinsky, the chief Soviet delegate to the United Nations. He died of
a heart attack on November 22, 1954, at the age of 71 years, i New
York.  His body was laid in a copper-lined casket which cost $8,000
and was flown to Moscow by way of France. He lay in state for a time
in Moscow's historic Hall of Columns, after which his body was
cremated. Communism has done everything possible to obliterate the
standards and customs of Christianity, even to that of Christian burial.
   According to historical records, the idea of reducing human bodies
to ashes originated in ancient heathen lands. Rome was among the
first to practice this abhorrent custom. Today, in India, this is a
common practice among the Hindus, but the Muhammadans bury
their dead.
     I asked a missionary from India if the Christians of that land
cremated their dead. With a look of surprise he said, "Positively not!
Cremation is heathen. The Christians of India bury their dead,
because burial is Christian." There is absolutely nothing Christian
about cremation; it is as pagan as idol worship.
     In the year 1873 a physician, Sir Henry Thompson, advocated the
introduction of cremation into England on the basis of sanitation. But
strong public feeling was against the innovation, with the result that it
has made very little progress. The first crematory built in the United
States was in Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1876. It was first used for
the incineration of the body of Baron DePalm in December of that
year.  Some have requested cremation in an attempt to escape the
resurrection and the life to come. How utterly ignorant and foolish of
them.
     According to the Reader's Digest of January 1964, the percentage
of cremations to burials has stayed at less than 4 percent in the United
States during the last ten years. But regardless of how popular or
unpopular this practice is or may become, it is still pagan.
   Secondly, Because It Is an Aid to Crime
     This is something that is not very well known but is one of the
reasons why the practice has made little headway in Christian lands.
It has been stated by those who are in a position to know, that, in the
detection of criminal poisoning, a proper analysis cannot be obtained
after cremation; therefore, it is a positive aid to crime. There should
be a law in our land forbidding the cremation of all bodies having died
from poisoning or other suspicious causes. I am pleased, however, to
learn that the "Acts of Burial" for the Province of Quebec states: "No
burial (or cremation) can take place before the expiration of
twenty-four hours after decease, unless special permission has been
obtained from the police."
     The sudden death of a certain man in an eastern Ontario city
attracted much public attention. After the burial a common rumour
resulted in a postmortem examination, which yielded evidence that the
deceased had died as a result of a dose of strychnine. An arrest was
made and, after questioning, the accused was committed to trial for
murder by judge and jury but was acquitted because of insufficient
evidence. We were told that it was one of those cases where they
knew who was responsible but could not at the time secure sufficient
legal evidence. But this is why I refer to the incident: Before the
arrest, the accused said to a certain mortician, "My mistake was that I
did not have his body cremated." Every person with a Christian
conscience should avoid even thinking favourably of this screen to
crime.
    Thirdly, Because It Is a Barbarous Act
     Here is an extract from a letter from a British Columbia reader to
the Sunday School Times of September 1934: "The question of
cremation was brought home to us when our mother was called Home.
At first it was decided to cremate her body, principally with the
thought of some day taking her 'ashes' to the old home in the East and
burying them in the family plot in the old cemetery. On finding out
the process of cremation, from first to last, we immediately decided in
favour of burial. Anyone who knows little or nothing about cremation
should find out all about it before cremating the body of a loved one.
Even from a human standpoint, without considering the religious side
of the question, it seems wrong."
     A great many refined people shrink from consigning the bodies of
loved ones to destruction by the process of cremation because of its
apparent inhuman and pagan aspect. After all, the custom was handed
down from the barbarous people of the Dark Ages. Most certainly it is
inhuman and godless, to say the least. I am not concerned about the
resurrection of bodies that have been cremated, for God can, and He
will, raise form the dead all bodies of believers and unbelievers who
have been burned, buried, or eaten, and all who lie in the depths of the
seas, or who have been blown to atoms, or destroyed in any way, for
His power and ability are infinite.
     When we lay away the body in the grave, according to the sentence
of God, it returns to earth in the natural way or by an act of God,
whereas cremation is an act of man. God said, "Out of it [the ground]
wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return"
(Genesis 3:19).  According to divine precept and example there is but
one Christian way to dispose of our dead and that is to bury them.
This brings me to my last, but most important, point.
Fourthly, Because Cremation Is Anti-Biblical, Therefore, Unchristian
     One of the most elementary principles of christian thought and life
is expressed in the apostolic words, "Ye are not your own" (1
Corinthians 6:19). This sense of divine ownership, rather than
self-ownership, is the inspiration of all Christian dignity and strength.
The doctrine of the resurrection reminds us that the body is not to be
treated as a temporary thing, as belonging to this stage of existence
only.
     Rather than give our consent to destroy God's property in the oven
of a crematory, every loved one should be affectionately and carefully
laid away whole in the mother earth, like the body of our Saviour. His
body was lovingly and tenderly prepared for burial according to the
customs of God's people (John 19:38-42). The Hebrew people
considered as sacred all burial grounds and marked the place where
each body was interred.
     Perhaps one reason why some Christians have had their friends'
bodies cremated is that many preachers have failed to teach the great
Bible doctrine of the sanctity of the Christian's body. Many, who
claim to have declared the whole council of God, have never taught or
preached this major subject. This is a very grave omission, for in
Malachi 2:7 we read, "For the [preacher's] lips should keep
knowledge, and they [the people] should seek the law at his mouth; for
he is the messenger of the Lord."
     The sanctity of the body was a doctrine is Israel that was carefully
taught. They were charged that they must not copy the customs of the
heathen nations. They were expressly taught not to cut, mark, or
tattoo their bodies (Deuteronomy 14:1-2). This teaching of the
sacredness of the bodies of God's people is carried into the New
Testament and is enjoined upon Christians everywhere in such
portions as 1 Corinthians 6:9-20; Romans 6:13; 12:1. In Romans
14:8 the apostle says, "Whether we live therefore, or die, we are the
Lord's." Christianity not only concerns itself with the soul but also
with the body, for both have been redeemed.
     The Apostle Paul, like his Saviour, often taught great lessons by
asking questions and then answering them. In 1 Corinthians 6:9-20 he
asks four questions as he proceeds to prove the sacredness of the
Christian's body.  Just briefly I will mention three:
     "Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of
God?"
     Then is verses 9 and 10 he names ten classes of society which are
disqualified for Heaven. These Corinthians were heathen when Paul
first preached the gospel to them. They had been a wicked and
unclean people, but by acknowledging to God their guilt and
accepting Christ as their Saviour, they became children of God. Then
Paul asks another question:
"Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ and use
them for immoral purposes?" He then makes the observation, "He
that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit." He is proving the oneness of
the believer with his Lord. In the light of this statement it is an
immoral act to abuse the body by subjecting it to cremation.
"What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost
which is in you, which ye have of God, and he are not your own?  For
ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in
your spirit, which are God's" (verses 19-20). Now, then, we have
observed that the Holy Scriptures teach that:
     The Christian way of disposing of our dead is by burial only, as
exemplified in sacred history.
     God does not approve of the burning of human bodies - even of our
enemies.  This was one of Moab's unpardoned sins (Amos 2:1).
Our bodies are the members of Christ (1 Corinthians 6:15). Our
bodies are the temples of the Holy Ghost (1 Corinthians 6:19).
     Dead or alive our bodies belong to God because of redemption and
sanctification (Romans 8:23; Hebrews 10:10).
     Our bodies are the seed of the resurrection bodies (1 Corinthians
15:38).
     Self-ownership is a pagan concept, and we are not free to do with
our bodies as we please, if we would live in the will of God (1
Corinthians 6:20).
     Cremation has come to us from the uncivilized, uncultured, pagan
peoples of the Dark Ages...those whose minds were distorted by sin, of
whom Plato said, "Man has sunk below the beast of the
brutes"...people who bored out the eyes of their fellows, tore out their
tongues by the roots, burned them alive, and also fed them to the
lions...people who practised many other methods of fiendish cruelty. 
And yet, in these days of boasted, civilized culture and Christian
refinement, some are still following this primitive fell custom of
burning the bodies of their friends. This custom is positively
unrefined, unholy, and pagan.
     When asked recently to officiate at the funeral service of a body
that was to be cremated, I sympathetically refused. When asked why,
I replied, "As a minister of Jesus Christ I officiate only at Christian
burials."
     In answer to the question, "Is cremation Christian?"  my answer is,
"Positively no!  It is of heathen origin, an aid to crime, a barbarous
act, also anti-Biblical; therefore, unchristian!"
            CREMATION IN THE BIBLE
     The graven images of their gods shall ye burn with fire
(Deuteronomy 7:25).
     He that is taken with the accursed thing shall be burnt with fire, he
and all that he hath (Joshua 7:15).
     After giving my first message over the radio against the practice of
cremating our Christian dead, I received a large number of letters
from correspondents in all walks of life, in which were liberal
expressions of appreciation for help received. I had expected to
receive some letters approving of this primitive practice, but not even
so much as one correspondent objected to my position in relation to
this subject.
     No doubt it is due to the fact that there cannot be found in the early
writings and practices of the Christian Church on writer or leader who
supported the heathen custom.  Also, there is not to be found in the
Holy Scriptures one sentence that even sympathizes with such an
unholy practice as cremating the Christian dead. Down through the
years Christians have shunned and disapproved of this uncultured
practice.  It was in the year 1886 that the Roman Catholic Church
officially banned this gruesome practice. Long before that date,
however, baptist pastors and their congregations spoke against and
abhorred the pagan rite. Not only these but any group of people who
accept the Bible as the Word of God and as their criterion for faith and
practice can only condemn this heathen way of disposing of a
Christian's body.
     So, our stand against this barbarous practice is certainly not a new
Christian attitude. It is a position that is easily supported by the
Scriptures - that is, among those who accept the Holy Bible as
adequate and final on all questions of religion and moral conduct. 
Against the sacred Scriptures there is no court of appeal, for they are
settled and accepted in Heaven (Psalm 119:89). This question of
cremation is not even debatable, for God has spoken the final word.
I am aware that there are some professing Christians even today who
are semipagan in their concepts of life, who do not accept the
Scriptures as sufficient in such a matter as the disposal of a redeemed
body. They have practically forsaken divine revelation; from a
position of human reasoning they have interjected their own
compromising interpretations on the subject and have fallen prey to
the ancient, heathen custom. However, I will endeavour to state four
further reasons why the cremating of the human body is anti-Christian.
    I have chosen these texts (Deuteronomy 7:25 and Joshua 7:15) to
show that cremation was, in God's sight, the most dishonourable of all
disposals. When God commanded it, it was in severe punishment of
an unworthy individual or of the abominable idols of the heathen. 
Whenever the gods of the heathen nations fell into the hands of the
Israelites, they were to be reduced to ashes immediately. This was
the law of God (Deuteronomy 7:555, 25), and we see how it was
obeyed by David and his men in 1 Chronicles 14:12 and by Jehu in 2
Kings 10:26.
     Also, during the life of Moses we have an incident recorded in
Exodus 32:1-24 as to how this was done. When he went up into the
mountain to receive the tables of the law, he was absent fro the people
of Israel for forty days. They became restless and, like the Egyptians,
wanted a god they could see. They brought their gold trinkets to
Aaron, and of them he made a calf. The calf was one of the prominent
gods of Egypt at that time. When Moses came down out of the mount
he saw the golden calf and the people dancing about it. He made the
sad discovery that they had fallen into idolatry. He took their god and
burned it in the fire and ground it to dust. Why did he burn it?
Because this was God's sentence against all such abominable idols.
Does it seem right, therefore, that the body of a Christian friend should
be treated like that of a heathen idol?
     Then, too, in Joshua 7 we have the sad record of Achan's sin
against God, his people, and himself. In this incident, wee are given to
see that cremation was to be the disposal of the accursed and
unforgiven! A person's body ordered cremated was the divine
sentence for wrongdoing! To be burned instead of buried was only for
the person who had been guilty of special, aggravated sin. It was
God's curse upon Achan. In our previous message we pointed out
that, according to divine law, it was a supreme dishonour for a person
to have no burial. It was so in the case of Achan, because he
disgraced himself and his family by disobeying the command of God. 
He was cremated as part of the divine punishment for his sin. It was a
harsh sentence, but Achan had troubled his own household and nation
and was the cause of the death of thirty-six soldiers in Israel. Since
this is the picture as found in the Bible, do you think it proper to have
the body of a Christian friend disposed of in this way? Would you
wish to have your remains disgraced in this retributive, abhorrent
manner? In the Bible such treatment was reserved for deliberate
disobedience to the command of God.
     Now then, I must proceed to mention my four further reasons why
a refined, Bible-enlightened Christian cannot endorse or request in his
will that his body be cremated.
Cremation Is Contrary to the Example and Teachings
     of Jesus and of the Apostolic Church
     If only Christian people were better acquainted with the Bible, they
would not do such a dishonour to their deceased friends. From any
angle you may look at this subject, the fact remains that an honest soul
who is familiar with the Bible will confess that cremation does not
belong to a refined Christian culture, nor is it the request of one who
has surrendered soul and body to Jesus Christ. We do not take issue
with non-Christians in this matter. If they do not accept the Bible as
God's Word, in reality they have no criterion by which to judge right
and wrong. Their own thoughts and personal views are to them
supreme. It is a most foolish and dangerous attitude toward life, we
know. In fact, King Solomon said under divine inspiration, "He that
trusteth in his own heart is a fool" (Proverbs 28:26). This deceitful
attitude of setting aside or rejecting the Bible and its message is a
foolish philosophy, to say the least. It is like a man going to sea
without a chart or compass, like climbing a mountain without a guide
or equipment, like a student without a teacher or textbook. An
unbeliever has no supernatural guide or spiritual understanding that
would enable him to make the right and proper choice.
     One of the great disadvantages of this generation is a limited or
partial knowledge of only certain parts of the Bible. This has given
rise to many false statements by those who claim to know it. Recently,
I read of a certain religious leader who said, "There is nothing in the
Holy Scriptures that forbids cremation."  Whoever he was, I think he
would do society a kindness if he would carefully re-read the sacred
Book. There is certainly sufficient to show that creation was held in
disfavour and was associated with the abominable and cursed! To
reason that there is nothing in Scripture which directly forbids the
cremation of Christian bodies reveals a shallow mental attitude of
compromise toward that which God abhors.
     However, for the Christian, Jesus Christ is our example in life and
in death, and that should be sufficient. But can you imagine a sincere
person claiming to be a Christian and yet refusing to follow the
example of Christ?  Such an attitude is paradoxical and a direct
contradiction of his profession!
     The burial of Jesus was not coincident or accident, for previously
the bodies of godly men and women were disposed of in that way.
Burial was God's only method of disposal of the bodies of His people.
Jesus Christ was buried, because burial was in harmony with the
purposes of God (Isaiah 53:9).  Burial is the only Christian method
and scriptural disposal of a believer's remains.
     As previously mentioned, in 1886 the Roman Catholic Church
banned the practice of cremation for her priests and people for at least
two very good reasons. First of all, historically cremation has been
associated with the efforts of unbelievers in their denial of the
resurrection of the body. The disposal of the body by cremation has,
in recent years, been largely the choice of unbelievers and notorious
characters. It is true that some good-living people have requested it,
but you will agree that the vast majority have been questionable
characters. Such men as Josef Stalin requested cremation, although in
his case it was not carried out. Adolf Hitler, Andrei Y. Vishinsky,
Adolf Eichmann, and nearly all of the notorious criminals of our day
have also made that same request. There is a great deal of evidence
that cremation is not usually the choice of the scripturally enlightened
or moral-living individual.
     It is folly of the most puerile kind to entertain the though that by
cremation one will escape the resurrection of the last day. However,
since cremation largely is the choice of the unbelieving and ungodly,
that alone is enough to cause refined Christian people to refuse to be
partakers with them in this supposed attempt to escape the judgment.
     Another reason why the Roman Catholic Church banned its
practice was because it shows an irreverence for the body as a temple
of the Holy Spirit. This, too, should be sufficient reason for any
intelligent Christian to reject openly this ungodly pagan practice.
The Greek Orthodox Church does not favour cremation either. A
discussion was touched off in the United States in 1961 by the
cremation of the famed conductor, Dimitri Mitropoulos, a member of
this church. Archbishop Iakovos, head of the Greek Orthodox Church
of America, asked the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople for a
clarification of the Orthodox attitude toward cremation. This
patriarch responded by saying, "There is no formal Orthodox rule
against cremation, but there is a heavy weight of custom and
sentiment in favour of Christian burial."
     There is very little that can be said or written in favour of
cremation. Even that which has been said by the International
Cremation Federation is weak. In the federation's resolution passed at
their three-day congress in Stockholm, Sweden, in May 1961, which
was attended by 120 delegates representing fifteen countries, they
recommended disposal by cremation on the grounds that it was
aesthetic, sanitary, and economical.
     Christian conviction compels me to point out that their resolution
contains a mixture of truth and error. To those who know nothing
about the ugly truth of cremation, this may sound rather pacifying. I
do agree that it is economical.  It is the cheapest legal disposal of a
human body that I know of in this land. But to say it is aesthetic could
sound like the truth only to those who know nothing of the unpleasant
and grotesque process of cremation. There is really nothing beautiful
or graceful about any process of the disposal of a body but this is
definitely less so when we revert to this modernized, heathen custom.
How can one, who knows of the twitching and jumping and noises
that there are when the heat is turned on to 2,000 F., look upon the
process as aesthetic? It is anything but aesthetic. It is most revolting
and repulsive to think of the body of a refined Christian being burned
to a crisp and finally to ashes. There is absolutely nothing beautiful or
graceful about it.
     Some argue that it is sanitary - well, of course, so is burial. But
then, this is why, in the larger-populated areas, they gather and burn
the refuse and garbage of our cities. Does a human body that has
served God, that has been purchased by a divine price (1 Corinthians
6:15,20), that has been indwelt by the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians
6:19), and served its generation in the will of God, deserve this kind of
uncultured treatment?  Because of the example of Christ, the claims of
God, and the divine ownership of body and soul, there is a sanctity to
the believer's body that the average individual has not realized. If he
did, no Christian would ever will that his body be destroyed by the fire
of a crematory. Then, too, a Christian objects to cremation because:
Cremation Is a Supreme Dishonor to a Redeemed Body
     "Ye are not your own. For ye are bought with a price:  therefore
glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's" (1
Corinthians 6:19-20).
     The body of every Christian belongs not to himself but to God in
the very same sense in which the spirit or soul belongs to Him.
Therefore, to subject that which belongs to God to an immoral,
heathen custom is sin! This body of flesh and blood, as well as the
resurrection body to be, equally belong to God, because of
redemption.
     Ethonologists have listed about thirty methods of disposing of the
human body, but there is only one honourable way of disposing of a
Christian's body - and that is burial. I have yet to meet or read of a
recognized Bible teacher who teaches that cremation is Christian.* I
know there is a small class of professed Christians who actually think
it brave and smart to violate the customs and laws of Christian society.
They have asked that their ashes be strewn along a railroad track, or
scattered on a river, lake, or at sea, and others that their ashes be cast
to the winds anywhere -anywhere rather than have them deposited in
consecrated ground. Such requests and decisions indicate an
unspiritual character. There seems to be a strong desire by such a
class to break away from the teaching and example of Christ and His
apostles.
     We have already stated that cremation is a pagan custom which has
come down to us from the uncivilized, uncultured, heathen people of
the Dark Ages. Long before the time of Christ it was an accepted
practice of the backward, primitive, superstitious tribes and nations. It
was a custom of the Gentile nations surrounding Israel at the time of
Christ and His apostles. Neither He nor they ever looked upon it with
approval, either by precept or example. To Jesus Christ and the early
Church, cremation was one of the abominations of the godless and
unenlightened peoples. For Christians in this age of learning to adopt
such an unholy custom is the equivalent of taking a long step
backward to the uncouth and primitive customs of the unlearned of the
superstitious ages.
     No man of any academic standing can find one sentence of
Scripture to support the burning of the bodies of honourable Christian
people. When I preached and published my first sermon against
cremation, I expected a letter or two of protest but was surprised, for
not one was received. But I have received literally thousands in
commendation and also telling of the changing of wills from
cremation to Christian burial. These were unsolicited. I haven't room
in this brief message to insert excerpts from letters of some of Canada's
and the United States' most distinguished citizens. The reason for such
a response is that every intelligent Christian knows that Jesus and the
apostolate in spirit and example witnessed against such a sacrilegious
act.
     Cremation Destroys the Sacred Memory
             Of Our Beloved Dead
     The Bible states that one of the degenerate evils of the last days is
the absence of natural affection in family and social life - "without
natural affection" (2 Timothy 3:3). In no other manner is this lack of
affection being exhibited so forcefully as by the many who have
friends cremated!
     A friend of mine, who visited a crematory, noticed a pile of urns
stacked one upon another. He asked the attendant if they were his
stock of empties. Reluctantly he said, "They contain the ashes of
bodies that have been cremated, but the relatives never thought
enough of them to return and claim them." What a cheap way of
unloading a sacred responsibility, isn't it? It is also a quick way of
destroying the memory of the deceased.
     Where there is a sacred respect for the deceased, it is evidenced by
a reverent committal and a marking and a protecting of the place of
internment. But usually, following the average cremation, there are
no markers, tombstones, or monuments erected to one's memory. I
believe it to be a most cruel and dishonouring act against the memory
of the dead. Usually there is no grave to visit and decorate; no sacred
spot where the remains of a friend lie. It is a demoralizing practice
when you think of it in this way. It is a cruel way of desecrating the
memory of a loved one, isn't it?
     When the devoted wife of a certain citizen passed away, the
husband had her body cremated. He was loath to part with even her
ashes. For years he kept the urn in the home with an expensive wreath
over it. It was really not the proper thing to do. However, after
awhile, the daughter became tired of having it in the home, so she had
it buried in the backyard. The following year the property was sold;
the family moved out and left the sacred remains of the mother in an
unmarked spot in unconsecrated ground. How unintentionally cruel!
The circumstances produced and unholy disrespect for the sacred
remains of the devoted mother. Do you think that was a Christian
think to do?
     I have been informed, by one who was in a position to know, that
the remains of a certain family who have been cremated were finally
put out with the local garbage and carried to the dump. How
repulsive this is, even to tell of it!  What a brutal dishonour done to
those loved ones! There are similar incidents that could be repeated,
but I must refrain. I just wish to emphasize that cremation is one of
the quickest ways of destroying the sacred memory of the deceased!
 Cremation Is the Cheapest Way of Discharging
           a Sacred Responsibility
     There is no Biblical or Christian position that can favour cremation
of an honourable believer's body, because it is wholly pagan and is
nowhere favoured by God nor practised by the godly. There is no
period in the early history of the Church when deceased believers were
cremated.
     In the time of the catacombs under the city of Tome, when the
Church went underground because of bitter persecution, deceased
believers were carefully laid away in the rock-hewn toms, sealed and
marked to identify them. If ever sanitary conditions would have
excused cremation, it was then. but the abhorrent practice was never
allow, and, although the unbelieving Romans practised it at that time,
the Christians looked upon it with disfavour because it was an
ungodly, heathen custom. It is estimated that about 3,000,000
believers were buried in those subterranean passages.
     Usually, where there is warm affection, no man will dispose of a
loved one, because the method is the cheapest. I think of Abraham,
when Sarah died in those primitive times. He could have buried her
somewhere in the wide open spaces, and it would have cost him
nothing. But he didn't because he loved her, and, too, he was a
God-fearing man. The whole of Genesis 23 is occupied with the death
and burial of Sarah. There is a reason for this. Abraham never owned
a foot of land, but, when his wife died, he bought a piece of land that
would serve as a cemetery. He would not accept it as a gift; he paid
400 pieces of silver for it. To him, the laying away of his wife was a
sacred matter. This became consecrated ground and was kept solely
for the purpose of a cemetery. The three covenant fathers and their
wives were later buried there.
     There is a divine reason why all this account was written into the
sacred Scriptures. "Whatsoever things were written aforetime were
written for our learning" (Romans 15:4). It is not only folly but
ignorance for one to argue that cremation is now Christian. it never
can be while the whole spirit of Scripture is against it. Even if certain
so-called Christian groups were to endorse it, that does not make it
Christian. It is still a cruel, uncultured, pagan way of disposing of the
dead.
     It is true that the majority of cremated remains are never deposited
in consecrated, marked, burial places. This is, to say the least, doing a
supreme dishonour to the deceased's sacred remains.
     In conclusion, let me recapitulate:
     Cremation is contrary to the example and teachings of Jesus and of
the apostolic Church.
     Cremation does a supreme dishonour to a redeemed body.
Cremation destroys the sacred memory of our beloved dead.
Cremation is the cheapest legal way of discharging a sacred
responsibility.
_________________________________________________________________________
*Publisher's Note:
Since we first published this booklet we have become aware of at least
one Bible teacher who endorsed cremation - G. Campbell Morgan.

 

                 BARBARIANISM
          A mother was kind and gentle and true,
          Had three little angels; oh, how they grew;
          With dimples and curls, and contagious smiles;
          Were fat and chubby: at play they ran miles.
          They were healthy and happy and winsome, too:
          Were the loveliest darlings this mother knew.
          This charmed mother was a willing slave.
          Her three from disease she fought to save.
          She toiled all day and nursed all night,
          And put up for them a terrific fight.
          Through the help of God and by her care,
          He raised them up in answer to prayer.
          With mother's help they grew mature;
          Men and maiden were taught to be pure.
          The three all married and moved away.
          With the promise to return some better day.
          Mother became lonely and rather poor.
          She rented a room on a Rue Lefleur.
          Her form was stooped, her face was drawn,
          Her hair was grey and her children gone.
          She fainted one day while on the street,
          And could stand no more upon her feet.
          That saintly mother, with a love so true,
          Was left alone to battle through.
          She was weak and sick with none to care,
          Not even a friend to say a prayer.
          But God's angels came and took her home,
          That forsaken woman, so sad and lone.
          This mother, who was once a willing slave,
          Was denied the favour of an earthly grave.
          The one-time dimpled and angelic three
          Were now cold and cruel, as you will see;
          For they ordered her body reduced to ashes -
          The cheapest disposal, the burial of asses.
          A pagan ordeal, so godless and cruel;
          Don't treat your mother as you would a mule!
                                   J.W.Fraser

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